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Eye Examinations

What should be in a standard private or NHS eye examination?

This is a very difficult question to answer, as the actual legal requirements of this are quite vague. An Optometrist is required to perform:

an examination of the external surface of the eye and its immediate vicinity
an intra-ocular examination
such additional examinations as appear to be clinically necessary. The Association of Optometrists Guidance to Optometrists states “These additional examinations are to be performed for the the same purpose as the other specified examinations, which is for the purpose of detecting signs of injury, disease or abnormality in the eye or elsewhere.”

eye examination

The optometrist will:

  • ask you about any problems you may have with your eyes
  • ask you about your general health
  • ask you about any family history of eye problems
  • take details of any previous prescription, if available
  • ask you to read letters on a chart, with and without lenses
  • look at the inside and outside of your eye with a special instrument
  • check whether you need spectacles and issue a prescription, if appropriate
  • make and keep notes about all these points
  • discuss the result with you
  • write to your doctor if there is a problem

The optometrist may also:

  • check the pressure in your eyes
  • check your peripheral Field of vision
  • put drops in your eyes to enlarge your pupils, which can help him or her to see the back of your eyes better

What is not in an NHS sight test?

An NHS test does not cover:

  • checking your contact lenses
  • testing your colour vision for a job
  • writing reports
  • digital imaging of the eye
  • dry eye assessment
  • disposable items

Most practices still provide examinations which are paid for by the NHS, although individual practitioners may opt to examine their patients privately. These practitioners should advise the patient of this in advance of their examination.

Supplementary procedures and the necessity for follow-up appointments may be identified during a routine examination and charges may be applicable for these.